Utilities opportunity to express my deepest gratitude and

Utilities from Agro-waste

    

 

   

Presented by – Ms. Bhagyashali Krishna Shinde
PRN: 16020242012
MBA-AB

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Contents

 

1. Acknowledgement ……………………………………………………. Page No.3

2. Introduction ………………………………………………………..….…Page No.4

3. Objectives & Methodology …..….……………………….…….Page no.7

4. Review of Literature…………………………………………………Page no.8

5. Analysis & Interpretation on following   parameters              

                                                                                                                                                          

      -Annual expenditure……………………………..………………………..       Page No.10

      – Level of Technical knowledge & awareness …………………….  Page No.11    

      -Product (Preference acceptance) ….………………………………  Page No.12

      -Pricing preference ………………………………………………………   Page No.13

      – Fragrance preference …………………………………………….…….    Page No.14

     

6. Summary of Findings………………………………………………… Page No.15

7. Scope for Further Research   ……………………………………………… Page No.16                                   

8. Conclusion                        ……………………………………………………… Page No.17

9. Annexure              

 

 

 
With immense pleasure, I would like to present this project report for dissertation, SIIB, Pune.
The dissertation opportunity I had was a great chance for learning and professional development. I am grateful for having a chance to meet so many wonderful people and professionals who led me though this survey period.
I am using this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude and special thanks to Prof. Smita Santoki madam who in spite of being extraordinarily busy with her duties, took time out to hear, guide and keep me on the correct path and allowing me to carry out my project  on my own research-based product.
I express my deepest thanks to all faculty, academic & non-faculty staff of my institute SIIB, Pune who gave me their valuable time to answer & complete my primary survey. I choose this moment to acknowledge her contribution gratefully.
It is my radiant sentiment to place on record my best regards, deepest sense of gratitude to whole SIIB, SCMHRD & SIC family including for their careful and precious guidance without which my project was not possible to complete successfully. It was extremely valuable for my study both theoretically and practically.
I am grateful to my Institute for giving me such practical learning opportunity through this dissertation.
 
Sincerely,
Bhagyashali Krishna Shinde
MBA-Agribusiness,
SIIB, Pune.
 
 
 

 

 

     

 

 

Title of the Project:
Utilities from Agro-waste
 

 

 

 

2. Introduction:

 

            Almost 30 % of the fruits and vegetables produced by farmers are wasted due to various reasons like lack of food processing arrangements, cold chains across Maharashtra. The state has processing capacity of 1 lakh metric tons. Still tonnes of fruits & vegetables wastage occur daily that resulted into unhygienic surroundings, increasing risk of diseases & spread through garbage, flies, mosquitoes & other microbial activities. At the same time, cost of production becomes null, many times in negative figures that forces farmers to attempt suicides/depression.

 

                 Hence, through this project, efforts are made to study current situation, infrastructure available & formulate a concrete solution to this problem of food wastage.

 

                 Efforts are made to formulate such a solution that will yield economical benefits to farmers & healthy lifestyle as well as healthy, garbage-free environment for all citizens.

 

                  During this study, consumer survey is conducted as primary research that provided me a great insight to commercialize this product. Every consumer has his/her own perceptions, questions & assumptions for the product that every time helped me to think upon each minute aspect & detailing.

 

 

Current Scenario:

 

 

Government Stand:

 

Maharashtra & Punjab Govt. for Food processing

 

“C.M. of Maharashtra Mr. Devendra Fadnavis grasped an encounter alongside bureaucrats of NABARD and farming and horticulture departments to work out a concrete design to advance the food processing sector in state.”

The state is all set to make supplementary abilities to advance the public-private-partnership ideal to boost food processing and marketing sectors across state.

 

Fadnavis said, “We will make a synchronized power to advance the food processing industry that has a main possible to produce occupation across tiny scale sectors. The  emphasize on worth shackle is additionally to safeguard farmers become larger remuneration and additionally benefits the consumers.”

 

According to the data furnished by power merely 1.2% of the fruits and vegetables are processed.68.8 % of the fruits and vegetables are consumed as fresh. There is a huge wastage of 30%. The bulk of vegetables and fruits that goes as waste have the potential to furnish for the food processing sector.

 

The main crops that is obtainable in state for main and secondary processing includes grapes, pomegranates, cashew and mangoes, oranges, onions, garlic, banana, tomatoes, pumpkins etc.

 

 

Why I selected this topic?        

 

 

            

 

            Increasing population, fragmentation & reduction in total cropping area, inverse ratio of rich-poor in the society gives birth to research for alternatives to feed billions of mouth on the planet & to create sustainable environment to live for our farmer, due to whom we are alive !

 

 

There are so many schemes for processing having high investment infrastructure, planned for future to reduce post harvest losses.

 

 

 

But what about current daily wastage of food & remuneration to producer hardworking farmer who have invested time, money, water & efforts into his business?? 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Objectives & Methodology:
 

 

 

 

 

Objectives:

 

?To reduce post-harvest losses in agriculture sector, especially fruits & vegetables.

?To study successful business models aiming same purpose.

?To formulate a concrete process flow to produce non-consumable products.

 

 

Hypothesis (if any):

 

 

Product is not useful & benefit-cost ratio is very low.

 

 

Methodology:

 

?To search & refer existing methods to reduce & recycle different agro-waste.

? Tools: Research papers, Questionnaire.

 

 

Expected Outcome:

 

?To come-up with new, cost effective & user friendly techniques, solutions & products which will help to reduce agricultural waste & help farmers to get remuneration for their efforts & time.

 

 

4. Review of Literature & a Business Model:
 

 

 

v A business model:

 

ü Haldiram’s & Agro-waste briquette:

                Being burned or left rotting on the fields by farmers once, agriculture waste, known as agro waste, has turned into the best alternative fuel for industries.

                As an eco-friendly initiative, industries have started using agro-waste briquettes along with coal or other non-renewable sources of fuel. Green activists see increased usage of agro-waste for industrial purpose as the biggest step taken for environment conservation.

               A few industries are solely running on agro waste and the best example is Nagalwadi-based Pix Transmission. Even bigwigs like Haldiram’s Foods are utilizing agro-waste in huge quantity. As a result, usage of non-renewable fuel is reducing, and farmers are getting around 1,500 per tonne from agriculture waste.

              Since Haldiram’s uses huge quantity of agro-waste pellets, its availability becomes an issue some times. Agrawal said have plan to manufacture these pellets to meet their demand.

Since agro-waste is basically husk of soyabean, rice, tur and plant remains, there is less carbon emission if they are burned in a furnace.

Terming the initiative by industries revolutionary, Ankit Jalan, co-owner of city-based Balaji Bio Coal Energy, which is a nominee for Nagpur Heroes 2015. The company makes agro-waste briquette. Jalan said, “There is a sharp increase in biomass briquette consumption in the last three years as they are eco-friendly. It is mostly being used by industries to generate steam with very low CO2 emission. It is cheaper than coal and there is absolutely no emission of carbon monoxide, sulphur and phosphorous.”

v  Review of Literature

 

Ø Study & comparison of existing commercial scientific methodologies:

Coffee waste:

In the year 2016, studies shows that the feasibility of utilizing the coffee waste in the production of bricks. The parameter of the study was CW (coffee waste) ratio and temperature. The properties like shrinking density and compressive strength were considered.

 

Wheat bran:

The feasibility: Utilizing Wheat bran agricultural waste to produce bio-alcohol. It was observed that the production of alcohol from pentose sugar is a sole constituent of wheat bran.

 

Coconut shell:

The physical and chemical properties of coconut shell in asphalt mixture and its application in road construction. It can also be used on x ray fluorescent scanning electron microscopy x-ray diffraction and besides that, coconut shell also categories as metal matrix composites with fly ash and rice husk which can rectify characteristics such as great precise strengths, precise modulus, good weather resistance and great dumping capacity contrast to unreinforced alloys.

 

Banana peels:

The potential of organic farming and sustainable agricultural waste like banana peels which has becomes serious problem caused by its productions. It can be used in making organic fertilizer and also have a potential to develop to a commercial level.

 

Pineapple waste:

In the year 2013, studies conducted on growth medium for lactobacillus species by fermentation. The commercial probiotics lactobacillus which is a friendly bacterium with the help of fermentation addition to the ability of probiotics strains to grow in pineapple waste was investigated.

 

Conclusion of study:

There are well formulated existing methods for processing agro-waste but need to develop economical, user-friendly solution which will require no machinery, minimizing total cost of processing.

 

5. Analysis & Interpretation

 

 

                                                                                                                                                 

1)   Annual expenditure:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      – Level of Technical knowledge & awareness …………………….  Page No.11   

      -Product (Preference acceptance) ….………………………………  Page No.12

      -Pricing preference ………………………………………………………   Page No.13

      – Fragrance preference …………………………………………….…….    Page No.14

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dissertation Questionnaire

 

Name:

Contact No.

 

1) How much do you spend on household disinfectant annually? (Min. Rs.200/month Expenditure)

a) Rs.2000-2400                           b) Rs.3500-5000/-                  c) Rs.5000-8000/-

 

2) Are you aware of the harmful effects of using chemical-based household disinfectant available in the market?      

                             Yes                                                                           No

3) Would you prefer 100% Natural Disinfectant cum Insect Repellent to save our environment & to reduce water pollution?

                          Yes                                                              No

 

4) At what price you will prefer to buy this Eco-friendly product, which will reduce your annual expenditure to almost 50%?

        Rs.100/ L                              b) Rs.200/L                                 c) Rs.300/L

5) What Fragrance do you prefer?

a)     Lavender         b)Rose         c)Lemongrass               d)Sandal              5)Citrus        

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

Thank you!