Traffic starting to see the results of the

Traffic accidents each year claims
the lives of 1.2 million people in the world 1, hundreds are
injured and many of them are disabled. Although, the vast majority of these
accidents happen in developing countries and affect pedestrians, cyclists,
motorcyclists and users of public transport, Because of that we choose most
country has traffic disaster, It is Colombia especially. Bogotá has one of the
highest rates of traffic accidents in Colombia. The majority are due to drunk
drivers, inexperienced women and reckless drivers of public service (buses,
taxis and trucks) who do not respect traffic signs.

First of all, In Colombia, in the
year 2002 there were 190 thousand traffic accidents which caused 6,063 deaths
(one person every 87 minutes) 2, higher than the
number produced by the armed conflict in Colombia. Today, it has sufficient
knowledge to take action in different areas in order to prevent unnecessary
deaths and disabilities. Thus, there are many programs and policies for the
prevention of traffic accidents as strategies to reduce speed and alcohol consumption,
promoting the use of helmets and seat belts and increase the visibility of
pedestrians and cyclists. Likewise, Colombia, in some cities and regions
already is starting to see the results of the policies and campaigns which have
been implemented. All this campaigns and polices with the purpose of decrease
the levels of traffic accidents and the terrifying impact on health and the
social and economic costs of injuries caused by traffic accidents in the
country.

On the other hand, many researches have
important evidence on the issue of injury, its risk factors and ways to prevent
deaths caused by motor vehicles. They argument that the increased of motor
vehicle accidents is related with the use of alcohol. Moreover, prevention
strategies need to be assigning to the specific situation of countries. From
our point of view, the data must be collected and analyzed to demonstrate the
impact health; social and economic damage caused by traffic accidents as well
as monitor and evaluate road safety interventions. Additionally, public support
of the promulgation of new laws, education on road safety, mass transit systems
and insurance programs to cover health costs for the victims have led to
reductions in deaths 3. However, the cost
is still high. Successful strategies in reducing injuries suggest a
multisectoral approach that includes the sectors of health, transport,
education and law enforcement. Governments have a crucial role in prevention
efforts and create, promote and sustain an environment for road safety.

To sum up, there are enough programs
and campaigns appointed to prevent traffic accidents. All this campaigns and
polices with the purpose of decrease the levels of traffic accidents and the
terrifying impact on health and the social and economic costs of injuries
caused by traffic accidents in the country. If the persons apply these rules,
they will protect their life and the pedestrian’s life’s.

 

Integrative Traffic
Disaster

Transport by road is the most
dangerous and most costly in terms of human lives. Although extensive efforts
has been made in many countries in reducing both risk and the absolute number
of accidents, the present number of accidents is still far too high in most
countries. Improved road safety is achievable if suitable safety targets in
respect to time frame, as well as ambitiousness are adopted 4. This is supported
by Elvik 5, who pointed that
the best performance in road safety was achieved by countries with highly
ambitious quantified targets.

The European Union countries with
the best road safety records, such as Sweden, the United Kingdom and the
Netherlands, were the first to set quantified targets to reduce the number of
victims to derive maximum benefit from potential improvements in road safety
from increased knowledge, accumulated experience and technical progress. It is
broadly accepted that targeted road safety programs are more beneficial in
terms of effectiveness of action, the rational use of public resources and
reductions in the number of people killed and injured than non-targeted
programs.

 

In 1997, Sweden adopted an ambitious
road safety program to aim to achieve zero deaths and serious injuries on the
road for the country as a whole 6. The program
addresses all areas in which local authorities and companies have a leading
role to play. Systematic improvements to the road network have been undertaken
to reduce the severity of accidents, and incentives have been provided in
conjunction with the private sector, to reduce the demand for road transport
and thus the exposure of road users to risk.

 

Australia has adopted a national
target to achieve a 40% reduction in the number of fatalities per 100,000
population, from 9.3 in 1999 to no more than 5.6 in 2010 7. A series of
two-year Action Plans was developed to monitor the road safety program and a
review with recommendations for a new Action Plan is required. This target
provides a framework for coordinating the road safety initiatives of the
federal, state, territory and local governments and of others capable of
influencing road safety outcomes.