The Northwest Territories lie northwest of central
Canada, bordered to the east by Nunavut, to the west by the Yukon and to the
south by the northeastern corner of British Columbia, as well as the entire
northern borders of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In northern part of the North
In this context is it going to be called NWT, and has
about 42.000 inhabitants. The largest city is Yellowknife and has about 19.500
inhabitants. The smallest city is Kakita and has only 45 inhabitants.
In July 1870 it became territory under the government
after the Hudson´s Bay Company transferred Rupert´s Land and North-Western
Territories to the British Crown, which subsequently transferred them to the
government of Canada, giving it the name Northwest Territories. In April Fools
Day, 1st of April, NWT was split into two parts which separate
Nunavut Territory formed to present Inuit people.
In NWT there are
eleven languages and first language is English, which just over 75% of the
population use it as their first language.
Here are all the
list of languages use in NWT: Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich´in,
Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and T???ch? sometimes
In figure 1 you
can see, the following languages with percentages according to population. In
figure 2, you can see a sign with eleven languages if you want to go to an eye
NWT residents have a right to use any of the above
languages, in a territorial court and in debates. Proceedings of the
legislature. However, laws are legally binding only in, their French and
English versions. The NWT government only publishes laws, and other documents
in the territory’s other official languages when the legislature asks it to.
In NWT has fairly dry climate due to the mountains in
the west. NWT extends for more than 1.300.000 km2 and has a large variety
climate from south to north. The southern part of the territory has a subarctic
climate while the islands and northern part have a polar climate. In the
northern part of the NWT summer is short and cool with 21 Celsius but in the
wintertime it is dark, long and harsh. And the temperature gets to -20 Celsius.
The ice never disappears from the northwestern most islands and covers all the
surrounding sea for almost all the year limiting sea navigation. Transportation
in the NWT can be long because of its enormous distances, climate conditions
and the small and scattered population. In the Eastern part of the Arctic
communities are served by vessels. About
half of the NWT is above the tree line and in the eastern and north islands
there is no tree.
The federal Northwest Territories Act contains a
written constitution and defines the powers of the territorial government. There
are no political parties in the territory. The territorial assembly consists of
19 members, elected by people in the constituencies. Following an election,
members choose from amongst themselves one person to serve as premier and
another as speaker. Though no longer the leader of the government, the
commissioner remains as the federal government’s representative in the NWT,
appointed by the minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and acting
as chief executive officer. The commissioner role is akin to that of a
provincial lieutenant governor. While the Legislative Assembly of the NWT acts,
for the most part, as a provincial legislature would, it does not have the same
level of control. Only federal government, for example, can amend the NWT Act.
The native people in the NWT have strong interests in
maintaining their cultures and preserve their heritage. Native peoples cultural
institutes have been established in several communities and many others have
initiated programs to record the knowledge of the elders to teach children the
traditional skills and to maintain their languages.
Since 1970 the Arctic Winter Games has been held every
second year, where all the people from the Arctic competes in traditional games
from their region and more widely known sports like indoor football, badminton,
table tennis, basketball, snowboard, cross country skiing and more. All the
Canadian territories have been participating including Greenland, Alaska, Same
people and Yamal from Siberia.
In 2011-12 there are 49 schools in the NWT with just
over 8500 students enrolled and over 800 teachers. The primary school goes to 9th
grade. The Department of Education, Culture and Employment in the NWT have
worked to make education to an interactive process involving students, families
and communities in the school system. In 2006 there were over 23.000 employed
people in the NWT mostly in service sector and in public administration. But
there are also people living in smaller communities who live by hunting,
trapping and fishing.
Mining is an integral part of the NWT economy. Over
the years, the focus of mining in the region has moved from base and precious
metals (such as uranium, gold, lead and zinc) to primarily diamonds. The NWT
has the highest per capita GDP, of all provinces or territories in Canada.
Tourism provides jobs and therefore increasing economy for the NWT with
tourists arriving by road via the Mackenzie Highway system and the Dempster
Highway in the west. During winter many international guests go to Yellowknife
to see the amazing northern lights. You can travel by plane to further USA,
Europe and Iceland.
Comparisons between Modern Inuit History in Canada and
Northwest Territories are parts of Canada, where the population is
Greenland is part of Denmark, which has 56.483 populations. It can be seen that
there are about 15.000 more populations in Greenland than Northwest
Territories. The larges cities in Northwest Territories are Yellowknife, were
the population is 19.569, and Kakita are the smallest cities with 45 people. In
Greenland the largest cities is Nuuk, were the population is 17.316, and tree
smallest cities are with name: Qaanaaq, Kangaatsiaq and Ittoqqortoormiit. In
each of them, there are approximately 500 people.
can be seen that, there is also a slight difference between the populations.
But I think it looks good with all the people in the country.
As mention earlier NWT have 11 languages and their official language is
English but here in Greenland the official language is Greenlandic. It can be
seen that there is also a slight difference between the populations.
There are also many in Greenland who speak 2-3 languages today, where
the three languages are Greenlandic, Danish and English. However, most of the
Greenlanders are learning English in the present, although they speak better in
Danish than English.
There you can see that enormously different, official languages between
NTW and Greenland.
In NTW the total area is 1.300.000 km2. And the
area of Greenland is 2,166,086 km2 , including other offshore minor
islands. There is long kilometers difference in length.
big difference is long, both are has a large variety climate from south to north. So
they are many difference climate from city to city. But in the NWT climate is a
bit colder than Greenland, and sometimes a bit warmer in the summer. There are trees and other animals, that
Greenland does not have.
There are no political parties in the territory. The
territorial assembly consists of 19 members, elected by people in the
constituencies. Where Greenland’s state is Denmark, and very different policy
system they have. Greenland’s head of state is Margrethe II, Queen Regnant of
Denmark. The Queen’s government in Denmark appoints a High Commissioner to
represent it on the island. The current commissioner is Mikaela Engell.
Greenlanders elect two
representatives to the Folketing, Denmark’s parliament, out of a total of 179.
Greenland also has its own Parliament, which has 31 members. The
government is the Naalakkersuisut whose members are appointed by the Premier.
The heat of government is the Premier, usually the leader of the majority party
in Parliament. The current Minister is Kim Kielsen of the Siumut Party.
Cultures between NWT and Greenland are very similar, where everyone is
preserving their culture and will pass on to children.
And with AWG as both NWT and Greenland, are very happy to be involved.
They can meet with each other, and meet another more cultures.
NWT have worked to make education to an interactive
process involving students, families and communities in the school system.
There are people living in smaller communities, who live by hunting, trapping
and fishing. The same in Greenland where there can still be seen that young
people are hunting and fishing.
And education were there hard worked to make with children and young
shall go to education in Greenland. There are a number of graduates each year,
and there are many who will graduate today. And there are many will be, exiled
to a greater extent.
In NWT mining is metals, such as uranium, gold, lead and zinc, to
primarily diamonds. But in Greenland is abundant in minerals. Mining of ruby deposits
began in 2007. Other mineral prospects are improving as prices are increasing.
These include iron, uranium, aluminum, nickel, platinum, tungsten, titanium,
and copper. So their mining is different even though they have their own resos.
Tourism gives jobs and thus increased finances for NWT with tourists,
the same in Greenland. But in Greenland there are several tourists with the
cruise, and by plane. where they could not just come with cars like in the NWT.
You can travel by plane to further USA, Europe and Iceland. And from there can
go, to Greenland with either Air Iceland or Air Greenland.
The two countries
are quite similar, but also very different. The cultures are more similar,
where the inheritance and fits well with their culture is the same. Their
education is similar too, were they are hard working to made the properly
education. And some people there are live by hunting, trapping and fishing. I
think both countries are the same with their culture, maybe mining and ressocer
are more different. But I’m sure when you come to NWT you can see more clearly
with the inequality.