Smoking Survey – Write up Intro: Air flows in from your mouth and nose and then the air goes down the Trachea (also known as the windpipe) then into the Bronchi (the tubes that branch off of the Trachea) After the air passes through the Bronchi it then passes through the Bronchiole (these are the small tubes that branch off of the Bronchi and spread air all around the lungs). To filter the oxygen and the Carbon-Dioxide, the air flows from the bronchioles into the Aveoli. The primary use of the respiratory is to take in air and filter the oxygen into the bloodstream and to exhale the carbon dioxide. >>> Reference <<< Smoking is the biggest preventable death in England, the United States and the rest of the world too. 80,000 people die from smoking related diseases each year in England alone. Lungs are also affected by coughing, asthma, colds and wheezing. There are so many downsides to smoking compared to the few valid upsides to smoking. Smoking can cause the following fatal diseases (all of which are not pleasant!); Pneumonia (inflammation of the lung), Emphysema (damaged and enlarged lungs), Chronic Bronchitis (inflammation of the Bronchi) and cancer of the lung. 84% of all lung cancer is caused by smoking. One of the early signs for all these diseases is if the person has a 'smokers cough'. Its mot suprising why cigarettes cause so many diseases. Cigarettes contain 599 ingredients including "43" which is known for causing cancer (carcinogenic) compounds, Ammonia (NH3), Cyanide (CN) which was used in a pill format for suicide and even Carbon Monoxide (CO). Another way smoking is bad, it's not exactly cheap. Say you smoke 20 cigarettes a day (average packet of cigarettes), a pack of Marlboro cigarettes (pack of 20) is €5.50 multiply that by every day of the year (5.50 x 365.35) comes to a whopping €2008.875 per year, bearing in mind that the average salary is €16,082, that's one eighth of your wage wasted. Cigarettes also contain 8 calories each, like I said before, if you smoke 20 a day that 160 calories just in cigarettes multiply that by every day of the year (160 x 365.25) that is 58,440 calories per year. Instead of having that you could have 1x small coca-cola (€1.20 & 150 calories) everyday which would equal at €438.3 and 54,787 calories per year. Once the cough hangs around for too long the person is recommended to visit a doctor for further investigations. The most effective way to stop these diseases is to simply just STOP smoking all together. For years schools say to kids make an anti-smoking poster because society as a whole know smoking is very bad for you, a line which they say to usually include is "Coughing to your coffin", which is ironically patronizing but true at the same time. A chain-smoker is someone who smokes cigarettes in rapid succession (sometimes lighting one even before the last cigarette was finished!). The general health of pretty your body is majorly affected by the following; bad breath, gum disease, stained teeth, clotted arteries, strange irregular heartbeats, heavy breathlessness. Your taste dulls very due to all your taste buds flattening and dying off, which in turn is not good. "Eating food relies heavily on our sense of smell since aroma contributes to flavor, which means eating is not as pleasurable. Smell and taste contribute to our enjoyment of life by stimulating a desire to eat – which not only nourishes our bodies, but also enhances social activities." - VaporFi Smokers are generally more than likely to have twice the reduced smell than non-smokers. Losing your sense of smell can surprisingly be very dangerous because you won't be able to check for gas leaks, fires nor for out of date food, which is fairly significant as now there's even more ways you can die thanks to smoking. Addiction: Nicotine from cigarettes really is as addictive as heroin. Nicotine addiction essentially is generally hard to beat because it changes the structure of your brain with major consequences. The brain develops extra nicotine receptors to now accommodate all of the large doses of nicotine from tobacco when the brain actually stops getting the nicotine that it was used to, the result becomes a nicotine withdrawal, which essentially is quite significant. Symptoms of this for the most part include feeling anxious, irritable and having very strong cravings for nicotine. Aim: Find perceptions/opinions on smoking. Page Break Predictions: Why was smoking invented in the first place? Well, "Tobacco was the first crop grown for money in North America. In 1612 the settlers of the first American colony in Jamestown, Virginia grew tobacco as a cash crop. It was their main source of money. Other cash crops were corn, cotton, wheat, sugar, and soya beans. Tobacco helped pay for the American Revolution against England. Also, the first President of the U.S. grew tobacco. By the 1800's, many people had begun using small amounts of tobacco. Some chewed it. Others smoked it occasionally in a pipe, or they hand-rolled a cigarette or cigar. On the average, people smoked about 40 cigarettes a year. The first commercial cigarettes were made in 1865 by Washington Duke on his 300-acre farm in Raleigh, North Carolina. His hand-rolled cigarettes were sold to soldiers at the end of the Civil War. It was not until James Bonsack invented the cigarette-making machine in 1881 that cigarette smoking became widespread. Bonsack's cigarette machine could make 120,000 cigarettes a day. He went into business with Washington Duke's son, James "Buck" Duke. They built a factory and made 10 million cigarettes their first year and about one billion cigarettes five years later. The first brand of cigarettes was packaged in a box with baseball cards and were called Duke of Durham. Buck Duke and his father started the first tobacco company in the U.S. They named it The American Tobacco Company." - Answer for someone's question by Mehul Dhokiya 2nd June 2016 (story was over huge so just added a few paragraphs from it.) I generally thought there would basically be more people that particularly were smokers, then people non-smokers, then the smallest amount of all people were the ex-smokers. Saying that I basically thought they would generally start in their kind of early to mid-teen years (12-15 y/o) due to peer-pressure and influences from acquaintances that could affect them in a pretty major way. More likely than not people should be more biased against smoking with extreme prejudice after reading ''smoking kills" on cigarette packets and seeing the gruesome pictures on posters, billboards and especially on the TV adverts (Dec 27, 2012) that really describe how smoking really effects your whole-body, or so they particularly thought. For 'Circle the substances that you think are found in cigarettes?' I think people what comes to mind for most people would be Nicotine, Tar and not literally know that it contains rat poison and Arsenic, which is devastating and hard to believe you're inhaling poison into your body multiple times on a daily basis. I think that people will specifically realize after the survey how bad smoking actually is for you, whether that will particularly make them literally stop or not definitely is an entirely different matter. This survey essentially is cleverly 'rigged' to generally be against smokers and to mostly make them feel uncomfortable answering the questions during the survey, for example, somebody I surveyed basically said a positive to smoking generally was 'stress relief' but nobody else gave positives as they mostly realized that in general smoking definitely is bad and to say pretty positive points look slightly odd. Results: Gender/Age: Age/amount: Conclusion: Comparison: I for the most part thought that my results closely resembled my previous predictions in the fact that they were a smoker/ex-smoker then they usually started around 16 y/o (although my prediction for starting age was slightly lower). All of the people for the most part started smoking started because it was a social-able thing to basically do at that age, or so, they thought. Everyone except one person (My granddad) literally had one viable answer to ''Do you generally think that smoking cigarettes has any benefits to one's life?" He answered "Agree" and I asked, "Why?" So, he said "To relieve stress" which I hadn't personally thought of before but after hearing that I thought to myself that's probably, the most legible reason why cigarettes can literally have a benefit towards one's life in any way. Evaluation: I think that my predictions specifically were very accurate and precise which my results supported, my reports surprised me about how really many cigarettes someone can smoke per day, I essentially think the questions made people question themselves and for all intents and purposes also, to make people think why are they actually smoking, what pretty good does it do me and how does this benefit me. When in fact it doesn't, not in the slightest. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The phrases in Grey and italics are quotes. The words Highlighted in 'Green and bold' are links to what I'm on about. Only put dates on here if I could find the dates.