Rio Friday when the Mayor of Rio hands

Rio Carnival in
Rio de Jenario, Brazil also pronounced ‘Carnaval’ is the biggest carnival in
the world. It is held during the week leading up to Lent, a Christian
observation that starts 40 days before Easter, the Carnival ends on Ash Friday
(The beginning of Lent), this is usually sometime at the end of February.
Carnival is a celebration that attracts millions of visitors from all over the
world and is the most popular celebration in Brazil. It is a festival filled
with music, dance, and drinking. The Carnival begins on the Friday when the
Mayor of Rio hands over the key to the city to King Momo, a mythical figure who
is said to lead the festival (Fig 1). The Samba, an Afro—Brazilian dance is at
the core of the celebration. Throughout Carnival, all the best Samba schools
compete in the Samba parade that is judged by 40 judges that critics based on
song, story, dance, rhythm, presentation, musicians and floats. The dancers,
performers, singers and musicians that take part in the parade dress in
beautiful extravagant costumes full of bright colors, feathers, and gems, these
costumes correlate with a theme that each school picks to represent themselves.
Along with the people in the parade many festival attendees and participants
dress up in all sorts of costumes and fun outfits. The floats in the parades
(Fig 2) are just as extravagant as the costumes and are works of art and match
each individual school just like the costumes. During Carnival, the whole city
shuts down so everyone can attend the marvelous celebration and watch the
parades in awe. Over the many days of the event lively parties (blocos) litter
the streets from dusk till dawn full of drinking, dancing, singing and high
spirits. Every night there are Carnival Balls that can be found all around Rio
that usually start at 11pm and go until sunrise. The start of the festival
dates back to the 18th century, it was introduced by Portuguese immigrants to
Brazil, it was mainly celebrated by working people who would use costumes and
tribal masks during the celebration. ‘Lots of feathers were utilized in many of
the African costumes, this symbolized rebirth and the rise of the spirits.'()  Throughout the years of Carnival, the main
idea has change but in the 1920s the first establishment of samba schools were
created in Rio de Janeiro, at the time they were formed by locals.  “Over the many years of Carnival more
organized balls, street parades, and Samba developing Carnival in Rio became a
melting pot of different cultures and sensations.” ()