Memorial at that time replicated what others do

Memorial University of Newfoundland

Faculty of Engineering And Applied Science

 

 

 

The design evolution of the airplane

 

 

 

 

Engineering Graphics and Design

Engineering 1030

Professor Suzanne Hurley

Prepared by

Gaiqui Cedric

201740990

[email protected]

Engineering One Student

30 January 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Since the dawn of the human era, man has always wanted to fly along the birds in the sky to travel long distances more efficiently and more quickly. The purpose of this report is to summarize the design evolution of the commercial airplane years by looking at how the ideas of flying all started, the flaws that aviation endured during its development and how nowadays some planes has revolutionized the aviation industry. This report details the following:

1.    How the idea of flying started and how invented the plane

2.    The issues encountered through years in aviation

3.    The aircraft that revolutionized the aviation industry.

 

1.    The dawn of the plane.

Ideas of men being able to fly date from the days of Leonardo Da Vinci who drew drafts of flying machines and helicopters. Later in the year 1783, Montgolfière brothers invented the hot air balloon which is considered as the first controlled ascent. However, these were enabled to be stirred and caught on fire easily. Throughout the years inventors such as Sir George Cayley,Felix dutemple and Francis Wenham defined the forces of lift and invented the flyers and gliders. Most of the inventors at that time replicated what others do in trying to build a flying machine that could be maneuvered safely and with precision.

 

The first fully controlled airplane was created by Orville and Wilbur Wright(known as the Wright brothers) in the year of 1905.Thier invention was known as the 1905 Flyer(figure 1) which was equipped with a 3 axis control system and was capable of flying for more than thirty minutes. Similarly, in the October 1908 in Germany, Hans Grade, who studied the mechanics of two wheelers started up with his project of his triplane. In the year 1909 Grade earned 40000 marks in a competition after completing an eight figure over three thousand meters in the air. In the year 1914 at the start of World War 1 the aviation industry continued to develop itself by implementing technologies such as radio communication. Constructors started using stronger and lighter materials that could resists bullets and explosions. 1

2.The issues encountered through years in aviation.

Nowadays it is considered that you have a chance of dying in a modern airline in 1 in one million, and since its creation aviation have drastically changed to maker flights safer. However, the airplane designs suffered several flaws. One example is the Concorde which was a super sonic commercial airplane made jointly by aircraft companies from both Britain and France from 1965 to 2003.

Figure 1 shows the concorde airplane taking off from the Paris CDG airport. 2.

 

The Concorde was a revolution for its time as it was able to travel from New York to London in 3.5 hours. One of the Concorde notable features was its droop nose. 3In the year 2003 it was put out of service because of several factors. The Concorde could only carry up to 150 passengers which will in turn cause the tickets price to be very expensive and high maintenance cost. Another flaw was that the plane could fly across oceans only and in July 2000 the Air france flight 4590 crashed in Gonesse France killing all the passengers. For its time the Concorde was a real evolution but however engineers did not master or improved its design in 30 years and it became obsolete in 2013. 3

3. The aircraft that revolutionized the aviation industry.

With the rise of demand for plane transport, airlines companies worldwide wanted to build larger airplanes. One company to have this idea was the Pan American World Airways with its Boeing 747(B-747). The B-747 was a 400-passenger airplane capable of flying up to 35000 feet. The project seemed impossible for Panam which lacked a hangar large enough to build the plane. 4.The company struggled to release the B-747 and dismissed more 15000 office members from its company. On January 22 1970 the B-747 started its flight from New York to London. From this date the B-747 would prove to become a symbol of international aviation and to become the best-selling plane in its class before the launch of the Airbus A380. 4.The development cost for the B-747 is estimated to be 1.2 billion US dollars for four years. Briefly Boeing was required to bet the company’s future on how successful the b747 will be.

 

 

 

 Memorial University of Newfoundland

Faculty of Engineering And Applied Science

 

 

 

The design evolution of the airplane

 

 

 

 

Engineering Graphics and Design

Engineering 1030

Professor Suzanne Hurley

Prepared by

Gaiqui Cedric

201740990

[email protected]

Engineering One Student

30 January 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Since the dawn of the human era, man has always wanted to fly along the birds in the sky to travel long distances more efficiently and more quickly. The purpose of this report is to summarize the design evolution of the commercial airplane years by looking at how the ideas of flying all started, the flaws that aviation endured during its development and how nowadays some planes has revolutionized the aviation industry. This report details the following:

1.    How the idea of flying started and how invented the plane

2.    The issues encountered through years in aviation

3.    The aircraft that revolutionized the aviation industry.

 

1.    The dawn of the plane.

Ideas of men being able to fly date from the days of Leonardo Da Vinci who drew drafts of flying machines and helicopters. Later in the year 1783, Montgolfière brothers invented the hot air balloon which is considered as the first controlled ascent. However, these were enabled to be stirred and caught on fire easily. Throughout the years inventors such as Sir George Cayley,Felix dutemple and Francis Wenham defined the forces of lift and invented the flyers and gliders. Most of the inventors at that time replicated what others do in trying to build a flying machine that could be maneuvered safely and with precision.

 

The first fully controlled airplane was created by Orville and Wilbur Wright(known as the Wright brothers) in the year of 1905.Thier invention was known as the 1905 Flyer(figure 1) which was equipped with a 3 axis control system and was capable of flying for more than thirty minutes. Similarly, in the October 1908 in Germany, Hans Grade, who studied the mechanics of two wheelers started up with his project of his triplane. In the year 1909 Grade earned 40000 marks in a competition after completing an eight figure over three thousand meters in the air. In the year 1914 at the start of World War 1 the aviation industry continued to develop itself by implementing technologies such as radio communication. Constructors started using stronger and lighter materials that could resists bullets and explosions. 1

2.The issues encountered through years in aviation.

Nowadays it is considered that you have a chance of dying in a modern airline in 1 in one million, and since its creation aviation have drastically changed to maker flights safer. However, the airplane designs suffered several flaws. One example is the Concorde which was a super sonic commercial airplane made jointly by aircraft companies from both Britain and France from 1965 to 2003.

Figure 1 shows the concorde airplane taking off from the Paris CDG airport. 2.

 

The Concorde was a revolution for its time as it was able to travel from New York to London in 3.5 hours. One of the Concorde notable features was its droop nose. 3In the year 2003 it was put out of service because of several factors. The Concorde could only carry up to 150 passengers which will in turn cause the tickets price to be very expensive and high maintenance cost. Another flaw was that the plane could fly across oceans only and in July 2000 the Air france flight 4590 crashed in Gonesse France killing all the passengers. For its time the Concorde was a real evolution but however engineers did not master or improved its design in 30 years and it became obsolete in 2013. 3

3. The aircraft that revolutionized the aviation industry.

With the rise of demand for plane transport, airlines companies worldwide wanted to build larger airplanes. One company to have this idea was the Pan American World Airways with its Boeing 747(B-747). The B-747 was a 400-passenger airplane capable of flying up to 35000 feet. The project seemed impossible for Panam which lacked a hangar large enough to build the plane. 4.The company struggled to release the B-747 and dismissed more 15000 office members from its company. On January 22 1970 the B-747 started its flight from New York to London. From this date the B-747 would prove to become a symbol of international aviation and to become the best-selling plane in its class before the launch of the Airbus A380. 4.The development cost for the B-747 is estimated to be 1.2 billion US dollars for four years. Briefly Boeing was required to bet the company’s future on how successful the b747 will be.

Memorial University of Newfoundland

Faculty of Engineering And Applied Science

 

 

 

The design evolution of the airplane

 

 

 

 

Engineering Graphics and Design

Engineering 1030

Professor Suzanne Hurley

Prepared by

Gaiqui Cedric

201740990

[email protected]

Engineering One Student

30 January 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Since the dawn of the human era, man has always wanted to fly along the birds in the sky to travel long distances more efficiently and more quickly. The purpose of this report is to summarize the design evolution of the commercial airplane years by looking at how the ideas of flying all started, the flaws that aviation endured during its development and how nowadays some planes has revolutionized the aviation industry. This report details the following:

1.    How the idea of flying started and how invented the plane

2.    The issues encountered through years in aviation

3.    The aircraft that revolutionized the aviation industry.

 

1.    The dawn of the plane.

Ideas of men being able to fly date from the days of Leonardo Da Vinci who drew drafts of flying machines and helicopters. Later in the year 1783, Montgolfière brothers invented the hot air balloon which is considered as the first controlled ascent. However, these were enabled to be stirred and caught on fire easily. Throughout the years inventors such as Sir George Cayley,Felix dutemple and Francis Wenham defined the forces of lift and invented the flyers and gliders. Most of the inventors at that time replicated what others do in trying to build a flying machine that could be maneuvered safely and with precision.

 

The first fully controlled airplane was created by Orville and Wilbur Wright(known as the Wright brothers) in the year of 1905.Thier invention was known as the 1905 Flyer(figure 1) which was equipped with a 3 axis control system and was capable of flying for more than thirty minutes. Similarly, in the October 1908 in Germany, Hans Grade, who studied the mechanics of two wheelers started up with his project of his triplane. In the year 1909 Grade earned 40000 marks in a competition after completing an eight figure over three thousand meters in the air. In the year 1914 at the start of World War 1 the aviation industry continued to develop itself by implementing technologies such as radio communication. Constructors started using stronger and lighter materials that could resists bullets and explosions. 1

2.The issues encountered through years in aviation.

Nowadays it is considered that you have a chance of dying in a modern airline in 1 in one million, and since its creation aviation have drastically changed to maker flights safer. However, the airplane designs suffered several flaws. One example is the Concorde which was a super sonic commercial airplane made jointly by aircraft companies from both Britain and France from 1965 to 2003.

Figure 1 shows the concorde airplane taking off from the Paris CDG airport. 2.

 

The Concorde was a revolution for its time as it was able to travel from New York to London in 3.5 hours. One of the Concorde notable features was its droop nose. 3In the year 2003 it was put out of service because of several factors. The Concorde could only carry up to 150 passengers which will in turn cause the tickets price to be very expensive and high maintenance cost. Another flaw was that the plane could fly across oceans only and in July 2000 the Air france flight 4590 crashed in Gonesse France killing all the passengers. For its time the Concorde was a real evolution but however engineers did not master or improved its design in 30 years and it became obsolete in 2013. 3

3. The aircraft that revolutionized the aviation industry.

With the rise of demand for plane transport, airlines companies worldwide wanted to build larger airplanes. One company to have this idea was the Pan American World Airways with its Boeing 747(B-747). The B-747 was a 400-passenger airplane capable of flying up to 35000 feet. The project seemed impossible for Panam which lacked a hangar large enough to build the plane. 4.The company struggled to release the B-747 and dismissed more 15000 office members from its company. On January 22 1970 the B-747 started its flight from New York to London. From this date the B-747 would prove to become a symbol of international aviation and to become the best-selling plane in its class before the launch of the Airbus A380. 4.The development cost for the B-747 is estimated to be 1.2 billion US dollars for four years. Briefly Boeing was required to bet the company’s future on how successful the b747 will be.