Marshall Warren Nirenberg was a big part in contributing to theunderstanding of DNA. Solving the RNA code was one of hisaccomplishments throughout his life. His childhood experiences led up tohis career.He was born on April 10, 1927 in New York City. 82 years laterhe died on January 15, 2010 still living in New York City. As young as age12 Nirenberg had a strong passion for the love of birds which led him tostudy biology. Since he loved bird, his family moved to Orlando, Fl and wasable to explore Florida’s different water sources. Later, he graduated fromUniversity of Florida and had a Bachelor degree in Science. To completehis Masters degree he stayed and University of Florida and got his Mastersdegree in Zoology and Ecology. After getting his Master’s degree,Nirenberg went to the University of Michigan to finish he Ph.D. What heworked on lead him to be interested in the chemistry of life. His Ph.D ledhim to get a postdoctoral fellowship of the American Cancer Society. He gotoffered the position of research biochemist at NIH. Before he got offeredthe job, he was already working on the problem to break the RNA code. Ayear later, him and his partner, J.H Matthaei published their landmark paperin Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. In the paper it showedthe first part of breaking the genetic code. It states in the paper,” A syntheticmessenger RNA made of only uracils can direct protein synthesis. ThepolyU mRNA resulted in a poly-phenylalanine protein.” Years later, him andhis group broke the entire genetic code. They found out that matchingamino acids to synthetic triplet nucleotides helped them break the code.Also, they found out that some amino acids are encoded by more than onecodon. They proved that the genetic code was universal to all life on earth.In 1968 Nirenberg, Har Gobind Khorana, and Robert Holley all shared theNobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. His partner, Khorana, worked oncracking the code with Nirenberg. The other partner Holley figured out howto sequence tRNA and determine its structure. Besides cracking the codehe also had other interest like the development of the nervous system.The study of science years ago has helped us figure out more thingsin today’s world. Nirenberg cracking the RNA code relates to today becauseRNA is one of the 3 major biological macromolecule that is essential in lifetoday. Along with DNA and proteins, RNA relates to them too. DNA makesRNA which makes proteins. RNA is single stranded while DNA is doublestranded. All scientist are competitive and some challenges that scientistsgo through is working with other partners. A problem is that they might wantto talk all the credit for figuring out something. Also, working with partnerscan lead to disagreement in which way they want to do experiments. Somebenefits can be different minds can contribute to what you are trying tofigure out. One scientist might think one thing and the other might thinkanother which can figure out something. Also one scientist might look atsomething differently than the other scientist. Competition will acceleratescientific discoveries because once one scientist find a part of the puzzlethan the other one will work harder and faster to figure out the next pieceand so on. Its human nature to want to beat someone who is working onthe same project as you. Scientist want to work hard to receive the creditand the prize. All of the scientist are working towards that. It might slow theprocess of scientific discoveries because if one science is working onsomething and you are doing the same thing and it turns out it doesn’t workthan you will have to start over. Also, many scientist get caught up in theirown ego and overwhelm them selves which can slow them down. InConclusion, Marshall Warren Nirenberg cracked the genetic code whichhas helped us study and learn about DNA in today’s world.