Adventure tourism is an important, growing tourism segment.
Most of the beaches and Islands of Karnataka state is blessed with many unique
characteristics such as backwaters, rivers, estuaries, forest or mountains on
the either side. Adventure travelers always seek unique or new travel
destinations and activities. Recent market studies shows that they arewilling
to accept limited tourism infrastructure with the promise of an exceptional,
authentic experience.This allows for the unexplored destinations of coastal
Karnataka to market themselves as truly unique, appealing to those travelers
looking for rare, incomparable experiences. A suitability analysis for various
adventurous activities which can be introduced in the beaches to attract more
adventure tourists. This study is based on the primary observations in the field
and a further detailed technical suitability has to be carried out. Parameters used
for analysis are primarily divided into three categories in which ‘Safety’
aspects is the most important, followed by Operational feasibility and
Experience enhancement parameters. Various land related adventure activities
possible in the beaches of Karnataka are as follows:-
Hang Gliding can be also called an
air sport in which the pilot or the participant takes a ride on a light and non-automatic
foot-launch aircraft which is called a ‘hang glider’. Most of these hang
gliding aircrafts are made out of aluminum alloy or composite frame which is
covered by a synthetic cloth totally. The pilot or the participant is strapped
with this air frame at the bottom and he or she has to
control the movement of the air craft by moving his or her body in the
opposition to control the frame while in the air. Safety is an important aspect
with regard to this activity, presence of mountains/cliffs near the beaches
make it suitable for Hang gliding.
There are many health benefits
of riding on a sandy beach for horse and rider. Long sandy stretches are good
for building up fitness levels and often the sand can encourage muscle tone and
strength. It can provide outstanding views of the sea and is a refreshing way
to explore the areas of beauty throughout the coasts of Karnataka. Sand will
vary in texture and depth. It may be harder closer to the water and softer
further away, but that is not always the case. Sandbanks can go from hard to
soft in less than a stride, especially on estuaries. On many beaches, sand can
change, so even if you have ridden a beach before, do not rely on soft and hard
areas remaining the same. Beaches with a minimum foreshore width of 10m and
minimum stretch of 1km shoreline are suitable for horse riding.
An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler, or quadricycleis a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with a
seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steering
control (As per American National Standards Institute definition). As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety of
terrain than most other vehicles. Quad bike riding is the most common motorized
sports in the beaches and it is very popular across the world. Beaches with a minimum foreshore width of
10m and minimum stretch of 1km shoreline are necessary requirement for this
activity in order to provide dedicated tracks. Quad bike
riding can be dangerous so one should not race or ride at speeds considered
dangerous to myself or others, and should not vary, deter or change course.
Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure activity which requires expert training. It involves flying paragliders which is lightweight,
free-flying and foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure. The pilot sits in a harness suspended
below a fabric wing comprising a large number of interconnected baffled cells. Presence of mountains/cliffs near
the beaches make it suitable for Paragliding.Wing shape is maintained by the suspension lines,
the pressure of air entering vents in the front of the wing, and the
aerodynamic forces of the air flowing over the outside.
Birdwatching or birding is a form of wildlife observation in which the
observation ofbirds as a recreational activity. It can be
done with the naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like binoculars and
telescopes, or by listening for bird sounds.
Photography has always been a
part of birding, but in the past the cost of cameras with super-telephoto lenses made this a minority, often
semi-professional, interest. The advent of affordable digital cameras, which can be used in
conjunction with a spotting scope or binoculars have made this a much more
widespread aspect of the hobby. Beaches with adjoining estuaries or backwaters
with the presence of migratory birds have the potential for birding.
HOT AIR BALLOONING
Hot air ballooning is the activity of flying in
hot air balloons. Attractive aspects of ballooning include the exceptional quiet (except when the propane
burners are firing), the lack of a feeling of movement, and the bird’s-eye
view. Since the balloon moves with the direction of the winds, the passengers
feel absolutely no wind, except for brief periods during the flight when the
balloon climbs or descends into air currents of different direction or speed.The dangers of the sport include excessive (vertical or
horizontal) speed during landing, mid-air collisions that may collapse the
balloon, and colliding with high voltage power lines. Land availability near
the beaches for providing necessary infrastructure facilities for ballooning is
very important parameter which decides it’s suitability.
Rock climbing is
an activity in which participants climb up,
down or across natural rock formations
or artificial rock walls. The
goal is to reach the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a usually
pre-defined route without falling.Due to the length and extended endurance
required and because accidents are more likely to happen on descent than
activity involving the scaling of hills and similar formations, is similar to
rock climbing. However, rock climbing is generally differentiated by its
sustained use of hands to support the climber’s weight as well as to provide
balance.Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding activity, one that
often tests a climber’s strength, endurance, agility and balance along with
mental control. It can be a dangerous activity and knowledge of proper climbing techniques and usage of specialized climbing equipment is crucial for the safe
completion of routes.
Zorbing (globe-riding, sphering, orbing) is the recreation or sport of
rolling downhill inside an orb, generally made of transparent plastic. Zorbing
is generally performed on a gentle slope, but can also be done on a level
surface, permitting more rider control. In the absence of hills some operators
have constructed inflatable, wooden, or metal ramps. Due to the buoyant nature
of the orbs, Zorbing can also be carried out on water, provided the orb is
inflated properly and sealed once the rider is inside. “Water
walking” using such orbs has become popular in theme parks across the
world.Although the cushioning design of the orbs prevent many
serious injuries, light injuries such as bruises and grazes can often be
sustained by colliding with objects or tripping whilst the orb is rolling down
Blokarting is an emerging, exciting and fast land
based beach activity which can be defined as sailing on land. It is ideally suited in the beaches with a minimum
foreshore width of 10m and minimum stretch of 1km shoreline.A Blokart is a type of compact land yacht
manufactured by New Zealand-based Company – Blokart International Ltd. Due to their small
size and maneuverability, Blokarts can be sailed in small urban areas.
They can be quickly disassembled and packed into a carry-bag giving them a high
degree of portability. The basic blokart including wheels, mast and sail weighs
only 29 kg and can be dismantled in a few minutes without tools, and all
parts packed into a carry-case. The high degree of portability allows the
blokart to be transported by car, or carried as luggage on a plane. Unlike many
other landyachts the blokart is steered using the hands through a centrally
mounted bar directly coupled to the front wheel.
Orienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually
unfamiliar terrain, and normally moving at speed. Participants are given a
topographical map, usually a specially preparedorienteering map, which they use to find control points. Originally a training
exercise in land navigation for military officers, orienteering has developed many variations. Among these,
the oldest and the most popular is foot orienteering. This activity can be promoted in the identified Islands and other
beaches which are surrounded by forests.
Kite landboarding involves the use
of a mountain board or landboard, which is essentially an oversized skateboard
with large pneumatic wheels and foot-straps. Due to the power that the kites
can generate, riders can hit high speeds and propel themselves several feet in
the air. As this is a land-based sport, there have been several concerns about
the possibility of injury to the rider or to others. As a result, several
safety equipment items are used by riders in this activity. Helmets are essential, especially for the more advanced moves, where
a rider may find himself rotating and flipping.
Possible water related adventure
activities that can be promoted are as follows:-
Bodyboarding is a water sport in which the surfer rides a bodyboard on the crest, face, and curl of a wave
which is carrying the surfer towards the shore. Bodyboarding is also referred
to as Boogieboarding due to the invention of the
“Boogie Board” by Tom Morey. The average bodyboarding consists of a short, rectangular
piece of hydrodynamic foam. Bodyboarders typically use swim fins for additional propulsion and control while riding a breaking
wave. Bodyboarding is easy to learn to get a feel
for the wonder of an ocean wave. It is just one of our many adventure sports
here at the Surf Ashram. Sometimes called boogie boarding, the beginner can
learn bodyboarding with our bodyboards and immediately take part in our daily
Snorkeling the practice of swimming on or through a body of water while equipped with a diving mask, a shaped tube called a snorkel, and usually fins. In
cooler waters, a wetsuit may also be worn. Use of this equipment allows the
snorkeler to observe underwater attractions for extended periods with
relatively little effort and to breathe while face-down at the surface.
Snorkeling is a popular recreational activity, particularly at tropical resort locations. The primary appeal is the opportunity to
observeunderwater life in a natural setting without the complicated equipment
and training required for scuba diving. It appeals to all ages because of how
little effort there is, and without the exhaled bubbles of scuba-diving
equipment. It is the basis of the two surface disciplines of the underwater sport of fin swimming.
Wakeboarding is a surface water sport which involves riding a wakeboard over the surface of a body of water. It was
developed from a combination of water skiing, snowboarding, and surfing techniques.
The rider is usually towed behind a motorboat,
typically at speeds of 30–40 km/h (18-25 mph), depending on the board
size, rider’s weight, type of tricks, and rider’s comfort. This speed could
also depend on the year, make, and model of the boat because some boats, which
are not designed for wakeboarding, create a different size wake which the rider
may not feel comfortable with. But a wakeboarder can also be towed by other
means, including closed-course cable systems,12 winches, and personal water craft.
Hopping is an activity involving jumping
off rocks. Some variations of this activity may involve jumping off a cliff
into a body of water such as a river or lake (also known as ”quarry jumping”,
since abandoned, water-filled quarry holes are popular for this activity,
featuring steep, tall cliff faces and deep water). Rock hopping can be
used as a means of getting from one place to another in combination with scrambling over rocks for the purpose of outdoor activity such as rock climbing. It has also become an extreme sport whereby participants jump over large gaps, sometimes without
any form of safety device such as a securing rope to ensure they do not fall
and injure themselves or worse.1 It can also refer to traveling up a boulder-filled stream or
brook by jumping from rock to rock, while avoiding falling in.
Coasteering is a physical activity that encompasses movement along the intertidal zone of a rocky coastline on foot or by swimming, without the aid
of boats, surf boards or other craft. It is difficult to define the precise
boundaries between, for example, rock pooling and ocean swimming. Coasteering
may include all or some of the following: Swimming or Adventure Swimming, Climbing,
scrambling, canyoning, jumping and diving.
A defining factor of coasteering is the opportunity provided
by the marine geology for moving in the “impact zone” where water, waves,
rocks, gullies, caves etc., and come together to provide a very high energy
Jet Ski is the brand name of a personal watercraft manufactured by Kawasaki.1 It was the “first commercially successful” personal
watercraft in America, having been released in 1972 (after reaching a license
agreement with the inventor of the Jet Ski, Clayton Jacobson II when his license agreement with Bombardier expired).1 The term is sometimes used generically to refer to any type of personal watercraft.
Parasailing, also known as parascending or parakiting, is a recreational kiting activity where a person is towed behind a vehicle (usually a
boat) while attached to a specially designed canopy wing that reminds one of a parachute, known as a parasailwing. The manned kite’s moving anchor may be a car,
truck, or boat. The harness attaches the pilot to the parasail, which is
connected to the boat, or land vehicle, by the tow rope. The vehicle then
drives off, carrying the parascender (or wing) and person into the air. If the
boat is powerful enough, two or three people can parasail behind it at the same
time. The parascender has little or no control over the parachute. The activity
is primarily a fun ride, not to be confused with the sport of paragliding.
Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving in which a scuba diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus(scuba) to breathe underwater.1
Unlike other modes of diving, which rely either on breath-hold or on breathing gas pumped from the surface, scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas, usually compressed air,2 allowing them greater freedom of movement than with
anair line or diver’s umbilical and longer underwater endurance than breath-hold.
Scuba equipment may be open circuit, in which exhaled gas is expelled to the
surroundings, or a closed or semi-closed circuit rebreather, in
which the breathing gas isscrubbed to remove carbon dioxide, and
the oxygen used is replenished from a supply of feed gas
before being re-breathed.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on
the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore. Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, but can also be found inlakes or in rivers in the form of a standing wave or tidal bore. However, surfers can also utilize artificial waves such as
those from boat wakes and the waves created in artificial wave pools.
Shivas is a popular Hindu holy place situated on a small peninsula
jetting out into the Arabian Sea at Murdeshwara. As with all of South India the
place is intensely tropical with thousands of coconut, mango and banana trees
growing along the beach. On the peninsula is a huge statue of Shiva. Everything
that happens at Murdeshwara happens under the watchful eye of Shiva, the master
of meditation. On either side of the peninsula there are large sheltered bays
that make for ideal surfing conditions even during onshore NW or SW winds. This
place breaks from one foot to 10 feet depending on the time of year.
Murdeshwaraha’s great hotels and several vegetarian restaurants, one of which
is built on pilings raising out of the ocean. This also makes for a great place
from which to do some surf photography on big days.
is a great spot that breaks best at low tide with a four feet and bigger swell.
The stretch of beach runs for about one kilometer and there are several places
where nice shaped peaks with lefts and rights swell up.
the north end of the beach is the Kapu lighthouse perched on a huge granite
boulder. On the south side of the rocks is a right-hander that is a short but
fast ride. Watch out for the rocks under water!
Ten Thousand Peaks has got to be one of the most
unique surf spots on the west coast of South India at Maravanthe.
call this place “Ten Thousand Peaks” -once you have seen it you will
know why.The beach stretches for about six kilometers creating all sorts of
wave possibilities. There is one section of the beach where a two lane highway
runs parallel to the ocean within 15 meters of the water’s edge and on the
opposite side of the highway is a big fresh water lake.
the lake are several islands with villages on them and there is an ancient
2,000 year old temple of the Sri Narasimha avatara, the incarnation who
destroys evil and protects children. Surf until your arms are ready to drop off
and you can’t stand up anymore, then wash off in a fresh water lake and visit
an ancient temple – all in one stop. What a fantastic place!
is a couple hours drive north from our homebreak to Bhatkal. Wow, this place is
paradise! Four consecutive coves, white sand beached, isolated area, cliffs, no
sharks, no people, and lots of opportunities — rights, lefts,inside, outside
and its all yours. All you have to do is get there! No maps to guide you so
call us first.
Tourism Market Study-2013, The George Washigton University
Tourism, Paul McCarthy Teagasc Rural Development Centre Athenry, Co. Galway.
Travel, Ireland Tourism Development Authority