A father’s
absence through death or abandonment has many severe effects in a teenage girl’s
life. According to Merriam Webster (2018), absence is defined as “not being present at a usual or
expected place”. This view is supported by McLanahan, Tach and Schneider
(2013), when they propose that a father’s absence has a negative connotation
attached to it.

The impact
of a father’s absence in an adolescent girl’s life can be negative when the
adolescent is forced to engage with the opposite sex, or is put in a situation
where a possible romantic relationship could occur. According to Melissa Horne
(nd: 1), adolescent girls with no fathers have a higher chance of being engaged
in a rather chancier relationship with the opposite sex than a romantic
relationship. This is due to their inability to correct their perceptions of
the opposite sex, because of their lack of a father figure giving them the
freedom to mentally decide on what a father or older male figure should be.
This freedom is dangerous, because more often than not, adolescent girl’s
perceptions of the opposite sex are far off from reality, and this can damage
future relationships between sexes.

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On the
other hand, adolescent girls whose fathers have passed away also experience
negative outcomes to their loss. More often than not, these adolescents tend to
perform poorly in school (Berg, Rostila, Saarela and Hjern, 2014: par4), and
have a higher possibility of not completing school or making an attempt at
furthering their studies (McLanahan, 1999: 118).

This
literature review highlights the various aspects that may be impacted negatively
by the loss of a father through death or abandonment, however the remaining
parent or guardian in the specific adolescent’s life usually plays a positive
role in their life; the adolescent is always the deciding factor as to whether
they will accept the negative consequences in their life, or choose to steer
their life in a better direction despite their loss.