3 of losses. the primary may be a

3 TO confirm the pinnacle LOSSES thanks to PIPES FITTING AND BENDING  3.1 INTRODUCTION  Turbulent pipe flow tends to be terribly troublesome to quantitatively perceive from a strictly theoretical point of view, therefore experimental analysis is important to position some solid numerical backing behind this theory. This research lab was meant to explore the results of varied flow rates (and consequently rate and Sir Joshua Reynolds number) on pressure drops through a hard and fast diameter pipe system with interchangeable joints. this technique is illustrated in Figure.   3.2 PIPE SYSTEM Within a pipe system, there area unit 2 forms of losses. the primary may be a Major Loss, and consists of the pinnacle losses thanks to viscous effects in straight segments of pipe within the system. this may be hereafter named as hectoliter major. The second kind may be a Minor Loss, and is comprised of losses generated among elements of the pipe system apart from the straight pipes themselves. this may be hereafter named as hectoliter minor 3.3 PROCEDURE Read the air pressure before conducting experiment  confirm the temperature of the close air   Record every of the scale listed in Figure    victimisation calipers, live the ID of the pipe system, and calculate the realm from this worth.  Calculate the heights, h, on a pressure gauge necessary to attain a Re worth of 15000, 25000, and 35000 through the pipe system.  3.4 SETUP 1. Activate the pressure gauge one hour before testing 2. position the yellow dump valve so the handle is parallel to the pipe it’s hooked up to (this is absolutely open) 3. Press the inexperienced begin button to start running the availability fan and air conditioning  4. Calibrate the thermostat at the flow bench to match the temperature recorded antecedently  5. Set the “multipoint” electrical switch set to position “1”, and verify that the temperature displayed on the thermostat still agrees with the close reading. 3.5 CALIBRATION OF INSTRUMENTS AND PIPE rate    To zero the pressure gauge 1. Set the 3 position filter switch to “OFF” 2. Set the size knob to position “X1”  3. Use the zeroing knob to regulate pressure gauge till it reads zero. 4. Move 3 position filter switch from “OFF” to “HI”  3.6 PIPE A: ninety DEGREE ELBOW FITTING  Adjust flow till the pressure gauge reads the peak that corresponds to Re = 15000 Set the knob tagged “HP”, the air mass supply, to “PIPE A”  Set the knob tagged “LP” , the air mass supply, to “R1” 7  Verify that the position of the handle on the valve for pipe A is parallel to the pipe (fully open), which the handle on pipe B is perpendicular to the pipe (fully closed).    REFFERENCE: https://www.google.com.pk/searchq=head+loss+due+to+pipe+fittings+experiment=head+losses+due+to+fitting+and+bending=psy-ab.1.0.0i71k1l4.0.0.0.470.0.0….0.TxMii0L3BJE